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ARTICLE XV - OFF-STREET PARKING
LOADING, AND UNLOADING REGULATIONS
(Adopted March 14, 1998)
A. General Regulations
Off-street parking, loading and unloading facilities shall be provided to lessen congestion in the streets. The facilities required herein shall be available throughout the hours of operation of the particular business or use for which such facilities are provided. As used herein, the term “parking space” includes either covered garage space or uncovered parking lot space located off or beyond the public right-of-way.
Each parking space shall have an area of not less than one hundred sixty-two (162) square feet (9’x18’) whether inside or outside of a structure, for the temporary parking of automotive vehicles to be used exclusively as a parking stall for one automotive vehicle plus one hundred thirty- five (135) square feet used exclusively for turning and access to the parking stall. This latter provision (135 square feet of turning area) shall not apply to single-family and two-family residences.
A garage or carport may be located wholly or partly inside the walls of the principal building, or attached to the outer walls. If separated from the principal building, the garage shall conform to all accessory building requirements. The garage may be constructed under a yard or court. The space above an underground garage shall be deemed to be part of the open space of the lot on which it is located.
Parking spaces may be located on a lot other than that containing the principal use with approval of the Zoning Board of Adjustment.
Surfacing: Any new or enlarged commercial, industrial or multi-family off-street parking area shall be graded for proper drainage and shall be surfaced so as to provide a durable and dustless surface, such as concrete, bituminous concrete, compacted gravel or compacted stone as designated by the Planning Board. The parking area shall be so arranged as to provide for orderly and safe parking of vehicles. All drainage must be so designed that it does not drain onto abutting properties unless a legal easement has been obtained.
Lighting: Any lighting used to illuminate an off-street parking area shall be arranged to reflect the light away from adjoining premises and public rights-of-way.
There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking and loading spaces designed for use by employees, customers, delivery services, sales people and/or the general public as approved by the Planning Board. Where a parking or loading area does not abut a public right-of-way or private alley or easement of access, there shall be provided an access drive of not less than twelve (12) feet in width per lane of traffic and not less than eighteen (18) feet in width in all cases where the access is to storage areas of loading and unloading spaces required hereunder.
8. Combined Spaces: When any lot contains two or more uses having different parking requirements, the parking requirements for each use shall apply to the extent of the use. Where it can be conclusively demonstrated that one or more such uses will be generating a demand for parking spaces primarily during periods when the other use or uses is not or are not in operation, the Planning Board may reduce the total parking spaces required for the use with the least requirement.
Multiple Uses in Single Structure: When two or more uses that require off-street parking spaces are located in a single structure, the separate parking requirements for each use shall be applied.
Reduction of Parking Spaces: The Zoning Board of Adjustment may authorize the reduction of the number and size of the off-street parking spaces as a Special Exception in cases where the applicant can justify a reduction and still provide adequate parking facilities to serve the proposed uses of the building and/or land.
11. Joint Facilities: Required parking spaces, open or enclosed, may be whether or not located on the same lot, provided that the number of required spaces in such joint facilities shall be not less than the total required for all such establishments.
B. Parking Facilities Required
Off-street parking facilities shall be provided to lessen congestion in the streets. Any structure or building hereafter erected, converted, or enlarged for any of the following uses, or any open area hereafter used for commercial purposes, shall be provided with not less than the minimum spaces, as set forth below. Said spaces shall be readily accessible to the uses served thereby. Fractional numbers of parking spaces shall be increased to the next whole number. The final number and arrangement of parking spaces shall be subject to review and approval of the Planning Board in addition to provisions for ingress and egress.
a. All residential units shall have two (2) parking spaces per unit. The spaces for one and two family residences need not be paved.
b. Elderly Housing: The required number of parking spaces shall be based on one (1) space/unit times forty percent (40%) of the total units. Visitor parking spaces shall be provided on the basis of one (1) space for every four (4) dwelling units.
2. Commercial Parking:
a. Theaters, auditoriums, churches, schools, stadiums or any other places of public and private assembly: At least one (1) parking space for each three (3) seats provided for public and private assembly.
b. Retail stores and other places for trade or business: One (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of areas not used for sale or display of merchandise.
c. Food markets and grocery stores: One (1) parking space for each one hundred (100) square feet of floor area, exclusive of areas not used for sale or display of merchandise.
d. Restaurants, tearooms and cafeterias: One (1) parking space for each fifty (50) feet of floor area for public use.
e. Bowling alleys: Five (5) parking spaces for each alley.
f. Office buildings: At least one (1) parking space for each three hundred and fifty (350) square feet of floor area or fraction thereof.
g. Public garages, automobile and gasoline service stations: At least one (1) parking space for each three hundred (300) square feet of floor area, or fraction thereof devoted to repair or service facilities, and one (1) parking space for each employee on the largest shift. This shall be in addition to space allocated for the normal storage of motor vehicles. No parking shall be permitted on the public right-of-way.
h. Hospitals and sanitariums: At least one (1) parking space for each three (3) beds. Such spaces shall be in addition to those necessary for doctors, administrative personnel and other regular employees. One (1) parking space shall be provided for each employee on the largest shift.
i. Drive-in restaurants: Provisions for parking for drive-in facilities must meet with the approval of the Planning Board and no parking on the public right-of-way shall be permitted.
j. Dance halls, roller rinks, clubs, lodges and other similar places: At least one (1) parking space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.
k. Swimming pools: At least one (1) parking space for each three (3) persons for whom facilities for dressing are provided; or at least one (1) parking space for every twelve (12) square feet of water surface, including areas for swimming, wading and diving, whichever requirement is greater.
1. Laundromats: One (1) space for every three (3) washers and dryers.
m. Other commercial buildings: At least one (1) parking space for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area, or fraction thereof, except when otherwise authorized as a Special Exception consistent with the principles set forth herein for comparable buildings.
n. Open areas used for commercial purposes:
(1) Golf driving range: At least one parking space for each tee provided.
Miniature golf: At least one parking space for each tee.
(3) Other open areas: At least one parking space for each two thousand (2000) square feet or fraction thereof.
o. Mortuaries, funeral homes and undertaking establishments: At least one (1) parking space for each employee and two (2) spaces for the owner/operator plus five (5) spaces for each funeral parlor. Such space shall be in addition to the service area for equipment such as hearses, ambulances, limousines, etc.
p. Home occupations or home-based businesses: At least two (2) parking spaces for the residence, one (1) parking space for each nonresident employee and two (2) parking spaces for patron use.
q No off-street parking space or area shall be located or arranged so as to permit or cause any vehicle to be backed out on to any public street or highway, except in the case of single-family detached dwelling units.
r. Shopping centers: Not less than three (3) square feet of automobile parking space, exclusive of driveways and pedestrian walks, shall be provided for each square foot of floor area devoted to selling, display and/or patron use.
3. Industrial parking:
a. These regulations shall apply to industrial expansion and industrial installations erected after the effective date of this Ordinance. Off-street parking shall be provided on the premises in accordance with the following schedule:
b. Industrial and manufacturing establishments: One parking space per employee as calculated from the maximum working shift or overlapping shifts, whichever is greater. For each twenty-five (25) employees, there shall be at least one additional parking space for visitors.
C. Loading and Unloading Space
Off-Street Loading Requirements: Off-street loading berths, open or enclosed, are permitted accessory uses to any use (except one and two family residences) subject to the following provisions:
1. Uses for which required: Accessory off-street loading berths shall be provided for any use specified below. Any land that is developed as a unit under single ownership and control shall be considered a single lot for the purpose of these minimum loading requirements:
a. For a public library, museum, or similar quasi-public institution, or governmental building, community center, hospital or sanitarium, nursing or convalescent home, institution for children or the aged, or school with floor area of ten thousand (10,000) square feet, one (1) berth. For each additional twenty-five thousand (25,000) square feet or fraction thereof, one additional berth.
b. For buildings with professional, governmental or business offices, or laboratory establishments, with floor area of ten thousand to twenty-five thousand (10,000 to 25,000) square feet or fraction thereof up to one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet, one berth. For each additional fifty thousand (50,000) square feet or fraction thereof, one additional berth.
c. For buildings with offices and retail sales and service establishments, one berth for eight thousand to twenty-five thousand (8,000 to 25,000) square feet of floor area, and one additional berth for each additional twenty-five thousand (25,000) square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
d. For undertakers and funeral homes, one berth for each chapel. Such berths shall be at least ten (10) feet wide, twenty (20) feet long, and fourteen (14) feet high.
e. For hotels, motels and resorts, one berth for each twenty five thousand (25,000) square feet of floor area.
f. For manufacturing, wholesale and storage uses and for dry-cleaning and rug cleaning establishments and laundries, one berth for five thousand to ten thousand (5,000 to 10,000) square feet of floor area in such use, and one additional berth for each additional twenty thousand (20,000) square feet of floor area or fraction thereof so used.
2. Size of spaces: Each required loading berth shall be at least twelve (12) feet wide, forty-five (45) feet long, and fourteen (14) feet high.
3. Location and access: Unobstructed access, at least ten (10) feet wide, to and from a street shall be provided. Such access may be combined with access to a parking lot. All permitted or required loading berths shall be on the same lot as the use to which they are accessory. No entrance or exit for any off-street parking area shall be located within fifty feet (50) feet of any street intersection. No off-street loading berth shall be located in any front yard. Required off-street parking space shall not be used for loading/unloading purposes except during hours when business operations are suspended.
D. Access to Off-street Parking and Loading Areas
Access to and from all off-street parking. loading and vehicle service areas along public right-of-ways shall consist of well defined separate or common entrances and exits and shall comply with the following provisions:
1. Access drives shall not open upon the public right-of-way:
Within fifty (50) feet of the nearest right-of-way line of any intersecting public street or highway in residential zones, and seventy-five (75) feet from the nearest public right-of-way for commercial and manufacturing uses.
Where the sight distance in either direction along the public thoroughfare would be less than three hundred (300) feet when the posted speed limit exceeds thirty five (35) miles per hour; however, when the posted speed limit is thirty five (35) miles per hour or less, the sight distance requirement may be reduced to two hundred (200) feet.
2. All access drives entering onto a state highway shall not be approved by the Planning Board unless and until a State Curb Cut Permit and/or Highway Occupancy Permit has been approved and presented. Moreover, no zoning permit shall be issued for new construction where State permits are required until such permits have been approved and presented.
Parking and Loading Setbacks
All non-residential parking and loading areas and parallel circulation and service lanes shall be separated from the right-of-way of a public thoroughfare or adjoining property line by a planting strip at least ten (10) feet in depth, unless adjoining owners mutually agree to common facilities subject to greater setbacks as may be required elsewhere in this ordinance
Large Parking Areas
In parking areas of one-half (1/2) acre or more, at least five percent of the total parking area shall be devoted to landscaping.
Handicapped Parking Provisions
Special, signed parking spaces for handicapped persons shall be provided at all residential, commercial, industrial and public and semi-public facilities where twenty-five (25) or more parking spaces are required. Handicapped parking spaces shall be provided at the ratio of one (1) handicapped parking space for every twenty-five (25) regular parking spaces or fraction thereof.
The handicapped parking space shall have a minimum stall width of twelve (12) feet. Such spaces shall be clearly marked by a permanent sign indicating that the space(s) is (are) reserved for handicapped persons. Handicapped parking spaces shall be given locational preference within the parking area and with respect to building entrances; i.e. they shall be located as conveniently as possible to principle entrances.